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An Integrated Program for Intelligent Prevention of Natural Disasters and International Cooperative Research on Earth Sciences in Southeast Asia

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I. Introduction

Taiwan scientists have expanded research areas to Southeast Asia since 1997 under the support of the National Science Council and organized a scientific research team to conduct an integrated project called "Comprehensive Research on East Asia Tectonic Evolution (CREATE)", which has yielded very fruitful research results. Over the past 20 years, the research areas explored by Taiwan scholars have covered the entire domain of Southeast Asia, Northeast Asia, China, and even the whole world. In order to respond to regional or global threats (e.g. global warming, climate change, and natural disasters resulting from earthquake, volcano, tsunami and typhoon), multidisciplinary researches have been proposed to incorporate geoscience, the atmospheric science, marine science, environmental change, ecological resources and environmental engineering. We have profound experience about the adaptation and intelligent science & technology (S&T) on disaster reduction and can therefore implement the New Southbound program in the perspective of science and technology collaborations with Southeast Asian countries. By working with the New Southbound countries, we hope to take the responsibility and work as the leading role of the regional center to provide necessary assistance to the sustainable development of Southeast Asian countries through innovative science and technology.


The Program Promoting Office (PPO) will serve as a platform to integrate projects including: 1) Establishment and maintenance on integrated disaster decision supporting system and export of intelligent seismic technology; 2) International platform of observation and cooperative research of atmospheric and oceanographic sciences for two island-base (Taiping and Dongsha) of South China Sea,; and 3) BEST (Bridging Earth Science & Technology): An Integrated Program for "Intelligent Prevention of Natural Disasters" and "International Cooperative Research of Earth Sciences" in South East Asia.


Taiwan has played an important role in many international organizations, for example, the APEC-Emergency Preparedness Working Group (EPWG), the Belmont Forum, ICSU-Integrated Research on Disaster Risk (IRDR), Future Earth, and the Global Earthquake Model (GEM). We plan to develop substantial collaborations with the New Southbound countries by collaborating with the existing organizations and connecting overseas S&T divisions of MOST. Based in Taiwan and the surrounding islands, our project aims to deepen the relationship among the scientific research groups, to strengthen the cooperation agreements, and to enhance the major benefits of diplomacy in science and technology with our neighboring Southeast Asian countries. In order to meet the New Southbound policy of government effectively, we intend to establish a virtual research center or alliance to promote Taiwan's related industries in the New Southbound countries with the support of the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), the connection to non-profit organizations, and the resource of academic institutes. At the same time, we will cultivate scientific and technological talents in pursuit of scientific innovation and excellence to the top of the world.


BEST (Bridging Earth Science & Technology) An Integrated Program for "Intelligent Prevention of Natural Disasters" and "International Cooperative Research of Earth Sciences" in South East Asia; Program Promoting Office for MOST-NSP (New Southbound Program, Ministry of Science and Technology


As a subtropical island situated along the most active plate boundary, Taiwan has long gained experience on the fields of nature hazards and developed strategies of disaster reduction. By working with our neighboring countries in Southeast Asia, we hope to deliver our experience and technology to help facilitate sustainable development, especially with respect to the impacts brought out by the global warming and the extreme climate change. We aim not only to bridge the earth science and technology but also to bridge the members of our neighboring countries in Southeast Asia.


Establishments and maintenances on integrated disaster decision supporting system and exportation of intelligent seismic technology


To actively echo "New Southbound Policy" proposed by Central Government, we launch the program of "Smart Disaster Risk Management" under the Ministry of Science and Technology. The goal of the "Smart Disaster Risk Management" is to facilitate close collaborations with the new southbound countries through sharing technology, products, knowledge and systems for disaster risk reduction (DRR). With implementation of "Smart Disaster Risk Management", it will formulate a new economic model for Taiwan to further engage with the neighborhood countries.


Based on existing bilateral collaborations with multiple southbound countries in scientific research under the Ministry of Science and Technology, we have already established a solid foundation and now we seek to expand further collaborations through exporting technology, products and experiences developed by Taiwan. At the pilot phase, "Smart Disaster Risk Management" will focus on the following items:


1) To set up the P-alert stations as an earthquake monitoring network for providing near-real- time shake map and also early earthquake warnings;


2) To explore feasibility of delivering a GIS-based information system for emergency preparedness;


3) To promote advised devices, seismic design codes and construction methods. In recent years, all new southbound countries have been focusing on the strategy of DRR. This strategy is of significant importance in a regional scale to protect people's welfare and to keep sustainable developments. We will dedicate continuous efforts on this critical issue under APEC or ASEAN frameworks. Taiwan has been working with the relevant countries for years and is able to assist the countries in need by exporting Taiwan's experiences. Through the implementation of "Smart Disaster Risk Management", Taiwan will be an important consultant to the target countries in the field of disaster risk management.


II. Related Links

  1. Department of Natural Science and Sustainable Development
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