Vietnam is one of the most biodiverse countries on earth including some 13,200 terrestrial plant species. The landscape of the country boasts a variety of geological formations, climates and ecosystems giving rise to the diversity of species, some only found in Vietnam. Current research is leading to new species discoveries each year as well as an improved understanding of the impact of land conversion practices for agriculture, urban development and nature resource use on the flora of the country. Urgent action to inventory and conserve the plant species of Vietnam are needed.
The Lang Biang Plateau is one of 4 areas of high biodiversity within Vietnam.
Over many years KBCC has been building relationships with researchers in Vietnam through training courses, field trips and joint membership in the Southeast Asia Botanic Gardens (SEABG) Network. In particular, KBCC has developed a partnership with Bidoup Nui Ba National Park (BNNP) and its associated botanic garden. As the core of the greater Lang Biang Biosphere Reserve, BNNP covers 70,038 hectares of one of the four recognized centres of biodiversity in Vietnam and is a key site for in situ and ex situ conservation. Through a joint project between KBCC, BNNP and the Southern Institute of Ecology (SIE) the investigation and conservation of the flora of the Lang Biang Plateau will be carried out. KBCC will also work with BNNP to develop infrastructure within their botanic garden and build capacity of their field and horticulture staff.
Project partners from SIE, Bidoup Nui Ba National Park, KBCC and the TFRI.
The 3-year project, launched in 2018 will draw on a collaboration of botanical expertise from the main partners as well as the Taiwan Forest Research Institute with a focus on the ferns, lycophytes, gingers, orchids and bryophytes of the area.
1. To undertake field collecting and research into the flora of Southern Vietnam
2. To share research outcomes through the publication scientific papers and a book on ferns and lycophytes of Lang Biang Plateau for the general public
3. To secure plant species of the Lang Biang Plateau through in ex situ conservation in BNNP Botanic Garden and KBCC
4. To develop the conservation infrastructure and staff capacity at Bidoup Nui Ba National Park Botanic Garden
In 2018 KBCC, Bidoup Nui Ba National Park and SIE signed an MOA to officially begin the project. Plans for field trips, herbarium voucher collection and depositing in the Southern Institute of Ecology (SGN) and Taiwan herbaria as well as staff training have been made.
Project MOU signing
In 2018 and 2019 KBCC and TFRI researchers visited Vietnam during four field trips to begin flora investigations and planning for the construction of a new shade house in the BNNP botanic garden. In 2019 the shade house was completed and KBCC shared training on ex situ conservation and care of collections. Staff from BNNP joined the ‘Pteridophyte Reproductive Biology: Multidisciplinary Approaches’ workshop hosted by KBCC as well as an additional 2-week intensive training internship at KBCC in 2018.
Documentation in the field is key to floristic inventories.
The team of botanical experts from Taiwan and Vietnam share knowledge during the project.
The new shade house at BNNP will be used to house ex situ collections of the high elevation flora of the area.
III. Related Links
- Vietnam-Taiwan Joint Plant Conservation Center